In Washington, scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are transforming greenhouse gas into chemical feedstock using a new nickel catalyst that operates in water. The new catalyst converts carbon dioxide to formate and has three big advantages compared to traditional carbon dioxide conversion processes.
First, it uses water instead of toxic solvents. Second, the catalyst is made from nickel which is more available than other rare metals often used as catalysts. Third, it uses sodium bicarbonate as a base instead of more expensive chemicals. This new catalyst and process reduces waste and cost associated with converting carbon dioxide to chemical feedstock and offers the potential for more cost and resource efficient carbon dioxide conversion in the future.